Cotton Leaf Curl Virus (CLCuV): An Insight into Disaster
Cotton Leaf Curl Virus (CLCuV)
Keywords:Cotton, Yield Loss, Pesticide, Begomovirus, Whitefly, Resistance
Disaster of cotton leaf curl virus disease (CLCuVD) is the severe restriction to cotton production wherever it appears, and this dilemma is under discussion by scientist since few decades and still no satisfactory control is obtained. Cotton leaf curl Virus (CLCuV) is a begomovirus belongs to family geminiviridae and transmitted by insect-vector Whitefly complex (Bemisia tabaci Gennadius and Bemisia argentifolii Bellows & Perring). In Pakistan, disease was first reported by scientist on stray plants in 1967 near Multan, Punjab. In 1992-93 disease epidemic cause yield decline from 9.05 million bales to 8.04 million bales cause severe losses to cotton production in Pakistan. During 1996-97 resistant cotton verities against CLCuV were introduced but since 2001 new strain Cotton Leaf Curl Burewala Virus (CLCuBuV) cause another epidemic by breaking resistance in all available verities. Excessive use of pesticides to control vector is the serious environmental threat, caused vector resistance, and are carcinogenic and neurotoxic to humans. This review is to cover the history, spread, major losses, Management, Molecular study of relation between host-pathogen and virus resistance strategies to reduce the use of pesticide.
Zhang T, Zhai Y, Ma X, Shen X, Bai Y, Zhang R, et al. Towards environmental sustainability: Life cycle assessment-based water footprint analysis on China's cotton production. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2021 Sep; 313: 127925. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127925.
Shakir S, Zaidi SS, Farooq M, Amin I, Scheffler J, Scheffler B, Shah et al. Non-cultivated cotton species (Gossypium spp.) act as a reservoir for cotton leaf curl begomoviruses and associated satellites. Plants. 2019 May; 8(5): 127. doi: 10.3390/plants8050127.
Mahmood-ur-Rahman KH, Khan MA, Bakhsh A, Rao AQ. 01. An insight of cotton leaf curl virus: a devastating plant pathogenic begomovirus. Pure and Applied Biology (PAB). 2021 Oct; 1(3): 52-8. doi: 10.19045/bspab.2012.13001.
Nawaz B, Naeem M, Malik TA, Muhae-Ud-Din G, Ahmad Q, Sattar S. A review about cotton leaf curl viral disease and its control strategies in Pakistan. International Journal of Applied Agricultural Research. 2019 Jul; 3: 132-47. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2019.188.13
Zaidi SS, Shafiq M, Amin I, Scheffler BE, Scheffler JA, Briddon RW, et al. Frequent occurrence of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in cotton leaf curl disease affected cotton in Pakistan. Plos One. 2016 May; 11(5): e0155520. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155520.
Kamlesh M, Raghavendra KV, Kumar M. Vector management strategies against Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) transmitting potato apical leaf curl virus in seed potatoes. Potato Research. 2021 Jun; 64(2): 167-76. doi: 10.1007/s11540-020-09470-0.
Ahmad A, Yasin NA, Ibrahim A, Shahzadi I, Gohar M, Bashir Z, et al. Modelling of cotton leaf curl viral infection in Pakistan and its correlation with meteorological factors up to 2015. Climate and Development. 2018 Aug; 10(6): 520-5. doi: 10.1080/17565529.2017.1318738.
Khan IA, Akhtar KP, Akbar F, Hassan I, Amin I, Saeed M, et al. Diversity in betasatellites associated with cotton leaf curl disease during source-to-sink movement through a resistant host. The Plant Pathology Journal. 2016 Feb; 32(1): 47. doi: 10.5423/PPJ.OA.08.2015.0160.
Khan J, Bashir Z, Ahmad A, Tariq W, Yousaf A, Gohar M. Mathematical modeling of cotton leaf curl virus with respect to environmental factors. European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology. 2015 Jun; 5(2): 172-6. doi: 10.1556/1886.2015.00012.
Javed M, Hussain SB, Baber M. Assessment of genetic diversity of cotton genotypes for various economic traits against cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD). Genetic Molecular Research. 2017 Feb; 16(1): 1-2.
Rana VS, Popli S, Saurav GK, Raina HS, Chaubey R, Ramamurthy VV, et al. A Bemisia tabaci midgut protein interacts with begomoviruses and plays a role in virus transmission. Cellular Microbiology. 2016 May; 18(5): 663-78.
Mugerwa H, Gautam S, Catto MA, Dutta B, Brown JK, Adkins S, et al. Differential transcriptional responses in two old world Bemisia tabaci cryptic species post-acquisition of old and new world begomoviruses. Cells. 2022 Jun; 11(13): 2060. doi: 10.3390/cells11132060.
Pan LL, Chen QF, Zhao JJ, Guo T, Wang XW, Hariton-Shalev A, et al. Clathrin-mediated endocytosis is involved in Tomato yellow leaf curl virus transport across the midgut barrier of its whitefly vector. Virology. 2017 Feb; 502: 152-9. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2016.12.029.
Hariton Shalev A, Sobol I, Ghanim M, Liu SS, Czosnek H. The whitefly Bemisia tabaci knottin-1 gene is implicated in regulating the quantity of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus ingested and transmitted by the insect. Viruses. 2016 Jul; 8(7): 205. doi: 10.3390/v8070205.
Wang L, Tan H, Wu M, Jimenez-Gongora T, Tan L, Lozano-Duran R. Dynamic virus-dependent subnuclear localization of the capsid protein from a geminivirus. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2017 Dec; 8: 2165. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.02165.
Likhith and Peter A. Comparative in silico Analysis of Coat Protein (CP) of Tomato Leaf Curl Virus (ToLCV) and Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV) and their Molecular Docking with GroEL Protein of Hamiltonella an Endosymbiont of their Vector Bemisia Tabaci. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2023 Apr 1;57(2).
Noris E, Pegoraro M, Palzhoff S, Urrejola C, Wochner N, Kober S, et al. Differential effects of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 6 (RDR6) silencing on new and old world begomoviruses in Nicotiana benthamiana. Viruses. 2023 Apr; 15(4): 919. doi: 10.3390/v15040919.
Li P, Jing C, Wang R, Du J, Wu G, Li M, et al. Complete nucleotide sequence of a novel monopartite begomovirus infecting Ageratum conyzoides in China. Archives of Virology. 2018 Dec; 163: 3443-6. doi: 10.1007/s00705-018-4004-6.
Pei S, Dong R, Bao Y, He RL, Yau SS. Classification of genomic components and prediction of genes of Begomovirus based on subsequence natural vector and support vector machine. Peer Journal. 2020 Aug; 8: e9625. doi: 10.7717/peerj.9625.
Lozano G, Trenado HP, Fiallo-Olivé E, Chirinos D, Geraud-Pouey F, Briddon RW, et al. Characterization of non-coding DNA satellites associated with sweepoviruses (genus Begomovirus, Geminiviridae)–definition of a distinct class of begomovirus-associated satellites. Frontiers in Microbiology. 2016 Feb; 7: 162. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00162.
Gnanasekaran P, Gupta N, Ponnusamy K, Chakraborty S. Geminivirus betasatellite-encoded βC1 protein exhibits novel ATP hydrolysis activity that influences its DNA-binding activity and viral pathogenesis. Journal of Virology. 2021 Aug; 95(17): 10-128. doi: 10.1128/jvi.00475-21.
Farooq T, Liu D, Zhou X, Yang Q. Tomato yellow leaf curl China virus impairs photosynthesis in the infected Nicotiana benthamiana with βC1 as an aggravating factor. The Plant Pathology Journal. 2019 Oct; 35(5): 521. doi: 10.5423/PPJ.OA.04.2019.0120.
Yang QY, Bo DI, Zhou XP. Geminiviruses and their application in biotechnology. Journal of integrative agriculture. 2017 Dec; 16(12): 2761-71. doi: 10.1016/S2095-3119(17)61702-7.
Hamza M, Tahir MN, Mustafa R, Kamal H, Khan MZ, Mansoor S, et al. Identification of a dicot infecting mastrevirus along with alpha-and betasatellite associated with leaf curl disease of spinach (Spinacia oleracea) in Pakistan. Virus Research. 2018 Sep; 256: 174-82. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2018.08.017.
Jing C, Wang C, Li K, Wu G, Sun X, Qing L. Molecular identification of tobacco leaf curl disease in Sichuan province of China. Virology Journal. 2016 Dec; 13(1): 1-5. doi: 10.1186/s12985-015-0461-7.
Yan Z, Wolters AM, Navas-Castillo J, Bai Y. The global dimension of tomato yellow leaf curl disease: current status and breeding perspectives. Microorganisms. 2021 Apr; 9(4): 740. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms9040740.
Jeske H. Barcoding of plant viruses with circular single-stranded DNA based on rolling circle amplification. Viruses. 2018 Aug; 10(9): 469. doi: 10.3390/v10090469.
McAuslane HJ and Smith HA. Sweetpotato whitefly B biotype, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). IFAS Extension, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 2015 Jul.
Devendran R, Kumar M, Ghosh D, Yogindran S, Karim MJ, Chakraborty S. Capsicum-infecting begomoviruses as global pathogens: host–virus interplay, pathogenesis, and management. Trends in Microbiology. 2022 Feb; 30(2): 170-84. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2021.05.007.
Sattar MN, Iqbal Z, Ali SN, Amin I, Shafiq M, Khurshid M. Natural occurrence of mesta yellow vein mosaic virus and DNA-satellites in ornamental sunflower (Helianthus spp.) in Pakistan. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2021 Nov; 28(11): 6621-30. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.07.041.
Emeraghi M, Achigan-Dako EG, Nwaoguala CN, Oselebe H. Maize streak virus research in Africa: an end or a crossroad. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2021 Dec; 134(12): 3785-803. doi: 10.1007/s00122-021-03914-y.
Wu S, Xie H, Li M, Xu X, Lei Z. Highly virulent Beauveria bassiana strains against the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, show no pathogenicity against five phytoseiid mite species. Experimental and Applied Acarology. 2016 Dec; 70: 421-35. doi: 10.1007/s10493-016-0090-x.
Wang X, Xiang X, Yu H, Liu S, Yin Y, Cui P, et al. Monitoring and biochemical characterization of beta-cypermethrin resistance in Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Sichuan Province, China. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. 2018 Apr; 146: 71-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2018.02.008.
Naveed K, Abbas A, Khan SA, Amrao L, Ali MA. Global status and future prospects of research in cotton leaf curl disease. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 2018 May; 51(7-8): 323-37. doi: 10.1080/03235408.2018.1480250.
Al-Roshdi MR, Ammara U, Khan J, Al-Sadi AM, Shahid MS. Artificial microRNA-mediated resistance against Oman strain of tomato yellow leaf curl virus. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2023 Mar; 14: 1164921. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2023.1164921.
Horowitz AR, Ghanim M, Roditakis E, Nauen R, Ishaaya I. Insecticide resistance and its management in Bemisia tabaci species. Journal of Pest Science. 2020 Jun; 93: 893-910. doi: 10.1007/s10340-020-01210-0.
Raza A, Malik HJ, Shafiq M, Amin I, Scheffler JA, Scheffler BE, et al. RNA interference-based approach to down regulate osmoregulators of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci): potential technology for the control of whitefly. PLoS One. 2016 Apr; 11(4): e0153883. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153883.
Costa EC, Christofoli M, de Souza Costa GC, Peixoto MF, Fernandes JB, Forim MR, et al. Essential oil repellent action of plants of the genus Zanthoxylum against Bemisia tabaci biotype B (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Scientia Horticulturae. 2017 Dec; 226: 327-32. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2017.08.041.
Devi MA, Sahoo D, Singh TB, Rajashekar Y. Toxicity, repellency and chemical composition of essential oils from Cymbopogon species against red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety. 2020 Jun; 15: 181-91. doi: 10.1007/s00003-019-01264-y.
Lopez-Gomollon S and Baulcombe DC. Roles of RNA silencing in viral and non-viral plant immunity and in the crosstalk between disease resistance systems. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology. 2022 Oct; 23(10): 645-62. doi: 10.1038/s41580-022-00496-5.
Nicolás FE and Garre V. RNA interference in fungi: retention and loss. The Fungal Kingdom. 2017 Oct: 657-71. doi: 10.1128/9781555819583.ch31.
Wu R, Wu G, Wang L, Wang X, Liu Z, Li M, et al. Tobacco curly shoot virus Down-Regulated the Expression of nbe-miR167b-3p to Facilitate Its Infection in Nicotiana benthamiana. Frontiers in Microbiology. 2021 Dec; 12: 791561. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.791561.
Jaber LR and Ownley BH. Can we use entomopathogenic fungi as endophytes for dual biological control of insect pests and plant pathogens? Biological control. 2018 Jan; 116: 36-45. doi: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2017.01.018.
Mascarin GM, Lopes RB, Delalibera Jr Í, Fernandes ÉK, Luz C, Faria M. Current status and perspectives of fungal entomopathogens used for microbial control of arthropod pests in Brazil. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 2019 Jul; 165: 46-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2018.01.001.
Quesada-Moraga E, Yousef-Naef M, Garrido-Jurado I. Advances in the use of entomopathogenic fungi as biopesticides in suppressing crop pests. InBiopesticides for Sustainable Agriculture. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing. 2020 Mar; 63-98.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Futuristic Biotechnology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This is an open-access journal and all the published articles / items are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. For comments email@example.com